COMMUNITIES IN CONFLICT
New forms of conflict and violence threaten development. Many countries that have successfully negotiated political and peace agreements after violent political conflicts, such as
Drug and human trafficking, money laundering, illegal exploitation of natural resources and wildlife, counterfeiting, and violations of intellectual property rights are lucrative criminal activities, which facilitate the penetration by organized crime of the already vulnerable sociopolitical, judicial, and security structures in developing countries. Transnational organized crime has converted some Caribbean countries into corridors for the movement of illegal drugs and persons toward Europe and
The central message of the Report is that strengthening legitimate institutions and governance to provide citizen security, justice, and jobs is crucial to break cycles of violence. Institutional legitimacy is the key to stability. When state institutions do not adequately protect citizens, guard against corruption, or provide access to justice; when markets do not provide job opportunities; or when communities have lost social cohesion—the likelihood of violent conflict increases. The role of the State is to protect citizens, combat corruption, establish the rule of law, and prevent violent conflicts.
[refer to Genocidewatch.org ; human rights watch [www.hrw.org.]
It is not good enough to bond with your family and tribe for this can lead to individualism, tribalism, sectarianism, nationalism, and constant conflict. The concepts of social ecology and social freedom require us to think and act for global communities: human, animal, and plant. We may think ‘local’, but we must act ‘global’. We have to acknowledge that changes on the other side of the world have impacts on our locality.
There is unsurprising consensus that climate change will have disproportionately harmful socio-economic effects on developing countries, even though they have contributed to it least.[www.ipcc.ch – the intergovernmental panel on climate change at the United Nations].
Developing countries are particularly vulnerable because of their tropical geography; their high birth rates, heavy dependence on agriculture and rapid urbanisation; and their weak infrastructures and lack of resources. The Stern report and other studies have suggested that climate-induced scarcities – of food, water and health – will increase poverty, affect migration patterns and potentially lead to or exacerbate deadly conflict. [www.hm-treasury.gov.uk]